In 2003, McDonald’s opened the world’s first HFC- and HCFC-free restaurant in Vejla, Denmark. According to UNEP records, this pilot project realized CO2 emission reduction of approximately 27% to a comparable McDonald’s restaurant. The test equipment included: R290 (propane) soda machine (post-mix type), R290 (propane) Juice Dispenser, R290 (propane) Milkshake and Ice Cream Machine, R290 (propane) Meat Freezer, R290 (propane) Wall-Hung Freezer, R290 (propane) Ice Cube Machine, R600a (isobutane) Salad Refrigerator, R290 and CO2 Refrigerating Room, R290 and CO2 Freezing Room, CO2 Air-Conditioning and Heating. In 2011, McDonald’s Germany opened the first HFC-free restaurant in Heidelberg. To date, McDonalds Europe, in partnership with their equipment suppliers have developed and approved HFC-free alternatives for six of the eight pieces of refrigeration equipment: juice dispensers, ice cube machines, frozen fry dispensers, drinks systems, reach-in coolers and freezers and meat/wall freezers. McDonald’s Europe has already implemented 1,495 HFC-free meat freezers, 845 frozen fry dispensers and 1,025 reach-ins and salad displays and are continuing to work with suppliers to push for viable alternatives for all refrigerant equipment. According to conversation between Greenpeace and McDonald’s, the company plans to have in place HFC-free solutions for all small refrigeration systems by the end of 2013 and start development of HFC-free solutions for the remaining larger systems.